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Introduction to Neuroanatomy

Difficulty level

This lecture provides an introduction to the principal of anatomical organization of neural systems in the human brain and spinal cord that mediate sensation, integrate signals, and motivate behavior.

Topics covered in this lesson
  • Embryonic neuroanatomy
  • Adult neuroanatomy
  • Functional neuroanatomy
  • The spinal cord anatomy, sensory, and motor systems
  • The corticospinal tract
  • Sensation and posture control
  • The pain and temperature pathway
  • Demonstration with a scale model of the brain
  • The cerebellum
  • The thalamus
  • The midbrain and dopamine
  • Archi- and paleocortex: the limbic system
  • Acetylcholine
  • Neocortex
  • Cortical layers
  • Brodmann areas (references for cortical map)
  • Gyri of the cortex
  • Quantitative neuroanatomy of the neocortex: elephant, human, and rat.

Basic knowledge about neurons and the brain, comparable to earlier lectures in this series.