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Neuroscience and the problem of dual use

Difficulty level
Beginner
Speaker
Duration
40:11
Topic

The UK Royal Society in its 2012 study of Neuroscience, conflict and security had as its first recommendation that: “There needs to be fresh effort by the appropriate professional bodies to inculcate the awareness of the dual-use challenge (i.e., knowledge and technologies used for beneficial purposes can also be misused for harmful purposes) among neuroscientists at an early stage of their training.” There can be little doubt that the need to raise awareness of this challenge remains among practicing neuroscientists today. This lecture aims to give an introduction and overview of the dual-use challenge as it applies to neuroscience today and will apply in coming decades.

Topics covered in this lesson
  • Introduction and overview of the dual-use challenge as it applies to neuroscience
  • Discussion of how the threat of chemical and biological weapons developed in the last century
  • Discussion of how benignly-intended civil science was taken up in the production of chemical and biological weapons that attacked the nervous system in the last century
  • Discussion on how the States Parties to the BTWC and the CWC have responded to this possible misuse of neuroscience, and the final section focuses on the problem of awareness-raising amongst neuroscientists