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The INS Emerging Issues Task Force organized a virtual panel discussion on ‘Culturally-Aware Global Neuroethics.’ Panelists explored the issue of cultivating a culturally-aware global neuroethics, and discussed a range of illuminating examples of global priorities in neuroethics. 

Speakers included:

  • Jayashree Dasgupta, Samvedna Senior Care / Sangath
  • Karen Herrera Ferrá, Asociación Mexicana de Neuroética
  • Gulamabbas Lakha, University of Oxford
  • Debra Machando, University of Zimbabwe
  • Rosemary Musesengwa, University of Oxford (moderator)
Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:03:27

21st century environmental challenges coupled to novel scientific understandings of their impacts on neurological and mental health raise a distinct set of considerations at the interface between environmental ethics, brain health, and public policy. How do environmental factors like pollution, toxicity, and radiation affect the brain and present long-term epidemiological concerns? What about the relationship between environmental stressors and mental health among diverse demographic populations? How may public health and environmental strategies work in tandem to design interventions for the built and natural environments? And how can we facilitate discussion of all these questions to promote a future population-level resilience to the challenges brought on by environmental change?

To encapsulate these emerging concerns at the convergence between brain and environmental health whilst aligning it with ethical considerations, the Emerging Issues Task Force of the International Neuroethics Society organized a virtual panel discussion. The panel focused on four areas of analysis. Specific attention was given to how these four tiers come together to provide directions for future ethically-minded and behaviorally-driven environmental health research.

Speakers included:

  • Caleb E. Finch, University of Southern California
  • Laura Y. Cabrera, Pennsylvania State University
  • Louise Harding, University of British Columbia
  • Thomas Albright, Salk Institute for Biological Studies
  • Judy Illes, University of British Columbia (moderator)
Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:03:34

The INS Emerging Issues Task Force held a virtual panel discussion on the evolving role and increased adoption of digital applications to deliver mental health care. It was held as a session at the annual conference of the Italian Society for Neuroethics. Speakers were:

  • Nicole Martinez Martin, Stanford University
  • Cynthia Sieck, Ohio State University
  • John Torous, Harvard Medical School
  • Anthony Weiss, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 58:30

As researchers develop new non-invasive direct-to-consumer technologies that read and stimulate the brain, society must consider the appropriate uses of such devices. Will these brain technologies eventually allow enhancement of abilities beyond human capabilities? In what settings are people using these devices outside the purview of researchers or clinicians? Should consumers be allowed to ‘hack’ their own brain in order to improve performance?

To explore these challenges and the ethical issues raised by advances in do-it-yourself (DIY) neurotechnology, the Emerging Issues Task Force of the International Neuroethics Society organized a virtual panel discussion. The panel discussed neurotechnologies such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and electroencephalogram (EEG) headsets and their ability to change the way we understand and alter our brains. Particular attention will be given to the use of neurotechnology by everyday people and the implications this has for regulatory oversight and citizen neuroscience. 

Panelists included:

  • Marcello Ienca, ETH Zurich
  • Karola Kreitmair, University of Wisconsin–Madison
  • Anna Wexler, University of Pennsylvania
  • Ishan Dasgupta, University of Washington (moderator)
Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:00:59
Course:

Our ever-expanding global neuroscience landscape requires that we, as a society and as scientists, consider the underlying values and ethics that drive brain research across culture and continents.  Across the globe seven large-scale brain research initiatives have emerged and have committed to working together to ensure neuroscience advances together attending to the emerging ethical issues embedded in neuroscience and its implications for society. In this lecture, five neuroethics questions will be presented, to guide neuroscience research in international brain research initiatives.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:02:21

Technologies that record and stimulate the brain are set to transform medical treatment, interpersonal life, and even what it means to be human; but these neurotechnologies may, if we’re not careful, continue legacies of harm against people of color, women, LGBTQIA-identifying persons, and disabled people. How can we keep neurotechnology from becoming oppressive? What would 'anti-oppressive' brain technology look like?

Speakers included:

  • Jasmine Kwasa, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Olivia Matshabane, University of Cape Town
  • Francis Shen, University of Minnesota
  • Tim Brown, University of Washington (moderator)
Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:33:16
Course:

This lecture presents the hope, challenges, risks, and ethico-legal issues associated with advancements in neuroscience technology.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 27:58
Speaker: : James Giordano

This lecture covers the ethical implications of the use of brain computer interfaces, brain machine interfaces, and deep brain stimulation to enhance brain functions and was part of the Neuro Day Workshop held by the NeuroSchool of Aix Marseille University.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:02:00
Speaker: : Jens Clausen

Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is an important ethical, legal, and political theme for the European Commission. Although variously defined, it is generally understood as an interactive process that engages social actors, researchers, and innovators who must be mutually responsive and work towards the ethical permissibility of the relevant research and its products. The framework of RRI calls for contextually addressing not just research and innovation impact but also the background research process, especially the societal visions underlying it and the norms and priorities that shape scientific agendas.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 41:06
Speaker: : Michele Farisco

The increasing use of neurotechnological devices for basic neuroscience research, clinical applications, but also in the consumer domain, creates substantial ethical and legal challenges for governing the access and use of human brain data collected by these devices. Furthermore, some neurotechnologies, such as AI-based closed-loop brain-computer interfaces, may interfere with a person's mental privacy or mental integrity which has given rise to a debate on the necessity and precise legal framing of neuroprotection laws, also referred to 'neurorights.'

In this interdisciplinary panel discussion, panelists explored and discussed the technical, ethical, and legal dimensions of brain data governance and neurorights.

Speakers include:

  • Samir Das, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University
  • Stephen Rainey, Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Oxford
  • Fruszina Molnár-Gábor, Heidelberg Academy of Sciences
  • Philipp Kellmeyer, University Medical Center Freiburg (moderator)
Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:00:14
Course:

 

Panel of experts discuss the virtues and risks of our digital health data being captured and used by others in the age of Facebook, metadata retention laws, Cambridge Analytica and a rapidly evolving neuroscience. The discussion was moderated by Jon Faine, ABC Radio presenter. The panelists were:

  • Mr Sven Bluemmel, Victorian Information Commissioner
  • Prof Judy Illes, Neuroethics Canada, University of British Columbia, Order of Canada
  • Prof Mark Andrejevic, Professor of Media Studies, Monash University
  • Ms Vrinda Edan, Chief Operating Officer, Victorian Mental Illness Awareness Council


 

 

Difficulty level: Intermediate
Duration: 1:10:30

This video provides an overview of the ethical issues that have arisen as a result of the application of advancements in neurotechnology. The video is intended to provide those new to neuroethics with an overview of the issues addressed by the field.  If you have you ever thought about the ethical questions raised by technology that could peek into a human mind in an advanced and intimate way, then this is the video for you.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 9:31
Course:

 

Panel discussion by leading scientists, engineers and philosophers discuss what brain-computer interfaces are and the unique scientific and ethical challenges they pose. hosted by Lynne Malcolm from ABC Radio National's All in the Mind program and features:

  • Dr Hannah Maslen, Deputy Director, Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Oxford
  • Prof. Eric Racine, Director, Pragmatic Health Ethics Research Unity, Montreal Institute of Clinical Research
  • Prof Jeffrey Rosenfeld, Director, Monash Institute of Medical Engineering, Monash University
  • Dr Isabell Kiral-Kornek, AI and Life Sciences Researcher, IBM Research
  • A/Prof Adrian Carter, Neuroethics Program Coordinator, ARC Centre of Excellence for Integrative Brain Function

 

Difficulty level: Intermediate
Duration: 1:14:34

Neuroethics has been described as containing at least two components - the neuroscience of ethics and the ethics of neuroscience. The first involves neuroscientific theories, research, and neuro-imaging focused on how the brain arrives at moral decisions and actions, which challenge existing descriptive theories of how humans develop moral thinking and make ethical decisions. The second, ethics of neuroscience, involves applying normative theories about what is right, good and fair to ethical questions raised by neuroscientific research and new technologies, such as how to balance the public benefit of “big data” neuroscience while protecting individual privacy and norms of informed consent.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 38:49

Cognitive functions underlie everything we feel, think, and do. It has often been assumed that the cognitive capacities of an individual, whether human or animal, is fixed, either at birth or at maturation. Yet recent studies have demonstrated that cognitive functions can be modified by a wide variety of factors, many of which are controllable. Some of these, including sleep and meditation, are not currently ethically controversial. But others, especially those which make use of advanced technology or unfamiliar drugs, have been challenged on ethical grounds.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 57:53

Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly affecting almost all areas of life from jobs, healthcare and entertainment to public safety and defense. While advances in AI are associated with new opportunities for economic growth and well-being, they at the same time raise major ethical concerns about AI impact on social equality, transparency and accountability. In recent years, these issues have acquired a prominent role on the agendas of policy-makers around the world. Today the need to facilitate beneficial development of AI and regulate it in the public interest is regularly addressed in speeches of political leaders and policy documents prepared by national governments, international organizations, experts, consulting companies and stakeholders.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 55:13
Speaker: : Rafael Frias

The UK Royal Society in its 2012 study of Neuroscience, conflict and security had as its first recommendation that: “There needs to be fresh effort by the appropriate professional bodies to inculcate the awareness of the dual-use challenge (i.e., knowledge and technologies used for beneficial purposes can also be misused for harmful purposes) among neuroscientists at an early stage of their training.” There can be little doubt that the need to raise awareness of this challenge remains among practicing neuroscientists today. This lecture aims to give an introduction and overview of the dual-use challenge as it applies to neuroscience today and will apply in coming decades.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 40:11
Speaker: : Malcolm Dando

This talks presents ethics requirements of the Medical Informatics Platform, a data sharing platform for medical data using data federation mechanisms. The talk presents how the Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) works and which ethical requirements need to be considered when working with federated data.

Difficulty level: Intermediate
Duration: 16:25
Speaker: : Erika Borcel

In the face of perceived public concerns about technological innovations, leading national and international bodies increasingly argue that there must be ‘dialogue' between policy makers, scientific researchers, civil society organizations and members of the public, to shape the pathways of technology development in a way that meets societal needs and gains public trust. This is not new, of course, and such concerns go back at least to the debates over the development of nuclear technologies and campaigns for social responsibility in science. Major funding bodies in the UK, Europe and elsewhere are now addressing this issue by insisting on Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in the development of emerging technology. Biotechnologies such as synthetic biology and neurotechnologies have become a particular focus of RRI, partly because of the belief that these are risky technologies involving tinkering with the very building blocks of life, and perhaps even with human nature. With my fellow researchers, I have been involved in trying to develop Responsible Research and Innovation in these technologies for several years.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 50:15
Speaker: : Nikolas Rose

This lecture covers the ethical implications of the neuroscience of ethics and was part of the Neuro Day Workshop held by the NeuroSchool of Aix Marseille University.

Difficulty level: Beginner
Duration: 1:02:19