This lecture explains the need for data federation in medicine and how it can be achieved.
The Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) is a platform providing federated analytics for diagnosis and research in clinical neuroscience research. The federated analytics is possible thanks to a distributed engine that executes computations and transfers information between the members of the federation (hospital nodes). In this talk the speaker will describe the process of designing and implementing new analytical tools, i.e. statistical and machine learning algorithms. Mr. Sakellariou will further describe the environment in which these federated algorithms run, the challenges and the available tools, the principles that guide its design and the followed general methodology for each new algorithm. One of the most important challenges which are faced is to design these tools in a way that does not compromise the privacy of the clinical data involved. The speaker will show how to address the main questions when designing such algorithms: how to decompose and distribute the computations and what kind of information to exchange between nodes, in order to comply with the privacy constraint mentioned above. Finally, also the subject of validating these federated algorithms will be briefly touched.
The Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) Dementia had been installed in several memory clinics across Europe allowing them to federate their real-world databases. Research open access databases had also been integrated such as ADNI (Alzheimer’s Dementia Neuroimaging Initiative), reaching a cumulative case load of more than 5,000 patients (major cognitive disorder due to Alzheimer’s disease, other major cognitive disorder, minor cognitive disorder, controls). The statistic and machine learning tools implemented in the MIP allowed researchers to conduct easily federated analyses among Italian memory clinics (Redolfi et al. 2020) and also across borders between the French (Lille), the Swiss (Lausanne) and the Italian (Brescia) datasets.
This talks presents ethics requirements of the Medical Informatics Platform, a data sharing platform for medical data using data federation mechanisms. The talk presents how the Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) works and which ethical requirements need to be considered when working with federated data.
This lecture discusses risk-based anonymization approaches for medical research.
The epilepsy SP actively promotes and supports epilepsy-related issues as well as educational and scientific activities within the framework of EAN. Our partners ILAE/ILAE Europe, EpiCare, EPNS and AOAN are actively involved. One of the major tasks is promoting submissions of session proposals for EAN congress balancing new scientific approaches and educational need for teaching courses. Outside of congress activities, contributions to e-learning facilities on the EAN website such as registrars reading list, scales and scores and breaking news are regularly presented or updated. Particular since the COVID pandemic, publications on COVID and any issues of epilepsy or seizures are regularly screened and summarized in neurology updates. In partnership with the ILAE/ILAE Europe, several guidelines are under preparation.
The number of patients with dementia is estimated to increase given the aging population. This will lead to a number of challenges in the future in terms of diagnosis and care for patients with dementia. To meet these needs such as early diagnsosis and development of prognostic biomarkers, large datasets, such as the federated datasets on dementia. The EAN Dementia and cognitive disorders scientific panel can play an important role as coordinator and connecting panel members who wish to participate in e.g. consortia.
This lesson is a general overview of overarching concepts in neuroinformatics research, with a particular focus on clinical approaches to defining, measuring, studying, diagnosing, and treating various brain disorders. Also described are the complex, multi-level nature of brain disorders and the data associated with them, from genes and individual cells up to cortical microcircuits and whole-brain network dynamics. Given the heterogeneity of brain disorders and their underlying mechanisms, this lesson lays out a case for multiscale neuroscience data integration.
This lecture aims to help researchers, students, and health care professionals understand the place for neuroinformatics in the patient journey using the exemplar of an epilepsy patient.
This lecture provides an introduction to entropy in general, and multi-scale entropy (MSE) in particular, highlighting the potential clinical applications of the latter.
This lecture provides an general introduction to epilepsy, as well as why and how TVB can prove useful in building and testing epileptic models.
In this session the Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) federated analytics is presented. The current and future analytical tools implemented in the MIP will be detailed along with the constructs, tools, processes, and restrictions that formulate the solution provided. MIP is a platform providing advanced federated analytics for diagnosis and research in clinical neuroscience research. It is targeting clinicians, clinical scientists and clinical data scientists. It is designed to help adopt advanced analytics, explore harmonized medical data of neuroimaging, neurophysiological and medical records as well as research cohort datasets, without transferring original clinical data. It can be perceived as a virtual database that seamlessly presents aggregated data from distributed sources, provides access and analyze imaging and clinical data, securely stored in hospitals, research archives and public databases. It leverages and re-uses decentralized patient data and research cohort datasets, without transferring original data. Integrated statistical analysis tools and machine learning algorithms are exposed over harmonized, federated medical data.
This lecture talks about the usage of knowledge graphs in hospitals and related challenges of semantic interoperability.
This tutorial demonstrates how to perform cell-type deconvolution in order to estimate how proportions of cell-types in the brain change in response to various conditions. While these techniques may be useful in addressing a wide range of scientific questions, this tutorial will focus on the cellular changes associated with major depression (MDD).
This lesson explains the fundamental principles of neuronal communication, such as neuronal spiking, membrane potentials, and cellular excitability, and how these electrophysiological features of the brain may be modelled and simulated digitally.
This is an in-depth guide on EEG signals and their interaction within brain microcircuits. Participants are also shown techniques and software for simulating, analyzing, and visualizing these signals.