This lesson is a general overview of overarching concepts in neuroinformatics research, with a particular focus on clinical approaches to defining, measuring, studying, diagnosing, and treating various brain disorders. Also described are the complex, multi-level nature of brain disorders and the data associated with them, from genes and individual cells up to cortical microcircuits and whole-brain network dynamics. Given the heterogeneity of brain disorders and their underlying mechanisms, this lesson lays out a case for multiscale neuroscience data integration.
This lesson breaks down the principles of Bayesian inference and how it relates to cognitive processes and functions like learning and perception. It is then explained how cognitive models can be built using Bayesian statistics in order to investigate how our brains interface with their environment.
This lesson corresponds to slides 1-64 in the PDF below.
This is a continuation of the talk on the cellular mechanisms of neuronal communication, this time at the level of brain microcircuits and associated global signals like those measureable by electroencephalography (EEG). This lecture also discusses EEG biomarkers in mental health disorders, and how those cortical signatures may be simulated digitally.
This lecture provides an introduction to entropy in general, and multi-scale entropy (MSE) in particular, highlighting the potential clinical applications of the latter.
This lecture provides an general introduction to epilepsy, as well as why and how TVB can prove useful in building and testing epileptic models.
This lecture covers the rationale for developing the DAQCORD, a framework for the design, documentation, and reporting of data curation methods in order to advance the scientific rigour, reproducibility, and analysis of data.
In this session the Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) federated analytics is presented. The current and future analytical tools implemented in the MIP will be detailed along with the constructs, tools, processes, and restrictions that formulate the solution provided. MIP is a platform providing advanced federated analytics for diagnosis and research in clinical neuroscience research. It is targeting clinicians, clinical scientists and clinical data scientists. It is designed to help adopt advanced analytics, explore harmonized medical data of neuroimaging, neurophysiological and medical records as well as research cohort datasets, without transferring original clinical data. It can be perceived as a virtual database that seamlessly presents aggregated data from distributed sources, provides access and analyze imaging and clinical data, securely stored in hospitals, research archives and public databases. It leverages and re-uses decentralized patient data and research cohort datasets, without transferring original data. Integrated statistical analysis tools and machine learning algorithms are exposed over harmonized, federated medical data.
The Medical Informatics Platform (MIP) is a platform providing federated analytics for diagnosis and research in clinical neuroscience research. The federated analytics is possible thanks to a distributed engine that executes computations and transfers information between the members of the federation (hospital nodes). In this talk the speaker will describe the process of designing and implementing new analytical tools, i.e. statistical and machine learning algorithms. Mr. Sakellariou will further describe the environment in which these federated algorithms run, the challenges and the available tools, the principles that guide its design and the followed general methodology for each new algorithm. One of the most important challenges which are faced is to design these tools in a way that does not compromise the privacy of the clinical data involved. The speaker will show how to address the main questions when designing such algorithms: how to decompose and distribute the computations and what kind of information to exchange between nodes, in order to comply with the privacy constraint mentioned above. Finally, also the subject of validating these federated algorithms will be briefly touched.
This lesson describes the principles underlying functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), tractography, and parcellation. These tools and concepts are explained in a broader context of neural connectivity and mental health.
This lesson provides an overview of Jupyter notebooks, Jupyter lab, and Binder, as well as their applications within the field of neuroimaging, particularly when it comes to the writing phase of your research.