Introduction to the types of glial cells, homeostasis (influence of cerebral blood flow and influence on neurons), insulation and protection of axons (myelin sheath; nodes of Ranvier), microglia and reactions of the CNS to injury.
Introduction to the principal of anatomical organization of neural systems in the human brain and spinal cord that mediate sensation, integrate signals, and motivate behavior.
This lecture focuses on the comprehension of nociception and pain sensation. It highlights how the somatosensory system and different molecular partners are involved in nociception and how nociception and pain sensation are studied in rodents and humans and the development of pain therapy.
This lecture covers an Introduction to neuron anatomy and signaling, and different types of models, including the Hodgkin-Huxley model.
Tutorial describing the basic search and navigation features of the Allen Mouse Brain Atlas
Tutorial describing the basic search and navigation features of the Allen Developing Mouse Brain Atlas
This tutorial demonstrates how to use the differential search feature of the Allen Mouse Brain Atlas to find gene markers for different regions of the brain and to visualize this gene expression in three-dimensional space. Differential search is also available for the Allen Developing Mouse Brain Atlas and the Allen Human Brain Atlas.
The Virtual Brain is an open-source, multi-scale, multi-modal brain simulation platform. In this lesson, you get introduced to brain simulation in general and to The Virtual brain in particular. Prof. Ritter will present the newest approaches for clinical applications of The Virtual brain - that is, for stroke, epilepsy, brain tumors and Alzheimer’s disease - and show how brain simulation can improve diagnostics, therapy and understanding of neurological disease.
The concept of neural masses, an application of mean field theory, is introduced as a possible surrogate for electrophysiological signals in brain simulation. The mathematics of neural mass models and their integration to a coupled network are explained. Bifurcation analysis is presented as an important technique in the understanding of non-linear systems and as a fundamental method in the design of brain simulations. Finally, the application of the described mathematics is demonstrated in the exploration of brain stimulation regimes.
The simulation of the virtual epileptic patient is presented as an example of advanced brain simulation as a translational approach to deliver improved results in clinics. The fundamentals of epilepsy are explained. On this basis, the concept of epilepsy simulation is developed. By using an iPython notebook, the detailed process of this approach is explained step by step. In the end, you are able to perform simple epilepsy simulations your own.
The practical usage of The Virtual brain in its graphical user interface and via python scripts is introduced. In the graphical user interface, you are guided through its data repository, simulator, phase plane exploration tool, connectivity editor, stimulus generator and the provided analyses. The implemented iPython notebooks of TVB are presented, and since they are public, can be used for further exploration of The Virtual brain.
Get to know the TVB graphical user interface and start your first simulation. The hands-on focuses on a brief introduction to the GUI of TVB. You will visualize a structural connectome and use it for simulation. The local neural mass model will be explored through the phase plane viewer and a parameter space exploration will be performed to observe different dynamics of the large-scale brain model.
Simulate your own stimulation with the TVB graphical user interface. This hands-on shows you how to configure a stimulus for a specific brain region and apply it to the simulation. Afterwards the results are visualized with the TVB 3D viewer.
Manipulate the default connectome provided with TVB to see how structural lesions effect brain dynamics. In this hands-on session you will insert lesions into the connectome within the TVB graphical user interface. Afterwards the modified connectome will be used for simulations and the resulting activity will be analysed using functional connectivity.
Learn how to simulate strokes with the simulation platform, The Virtual Brain. We will go through two papers: Functional Mechanisms of Recovery after Stroke: Modeling with The Virtual Brain and The Virtual Brain: Modeling Biological Correlates of Recovery After Chronic Stroke, and apply the same processes with our own structural connectivity data set in The Virtual Brain.
Learn how to simulate seizure events and epilepsy in The Virtual Brain. We will look at the paper: On the Nature of Seizure Dynamics which describes a new local model called the Epileptor, and apply this same model in The Virtual Brain. This is part 1 of 2 in a series explaining how to use the Epileptor. In this part, we focus on setting up the parameters.
In this lecture we will focus on a paper called “The Virtual Epileptic Patient: Individualized whole-brain models of epilepsy spread”. Within their work, the authors used the epileptor model to simulate a patient's individual seizure. To understand the concept we will have a closer look at the equations of the epileptor model and particular the epileptogenicity index which controls the excitability of each brain region. Subsequently, we will begin to setup the epileptogenic zone in our own brain network model with TVB.
After introducing the local epileptor model in the previous 2 videos we will now use it in a large scale brain simulation. We again focus on the paper “The Virtual Epileptic Patient: Individualized whole-brain models of epilepsy spread”. Two simulations with different epileptogenicity across the network are visualized to show the difference in seizure spread across the cortex.