Hardware for computing for non-ICT specialists
This lecture provides a history of data management, recent developments data management, and a brief description of scientific data management.
Computer arithmetic is necessarily performed using approximations to the real numbers they are intended to represent, and consequently it is possible for the discrepancies between the actual solution and the approximate solutions to diverge, i.e. to become increasingly different. This lecture focuses on how this happens and techniques for reducing the effects of these phenomena and discuss systems which are chaotic.
This lecture will addresses what it means for a problem to have a computable solution, methods for combining computability results to analyse more complicated problems, and finally look in detail at one particular problem which has no computable solution: the halting problem.
This lecture focuses on computational complexity which lies at the heart of computer science thinking. In short, it is a way to quickly gauge an approximation to the computational resource required to perform a task. Methods to analyse a computer program and to perform the approximation are presented. Speaker: David Lester.
JupyterHub is a simple, highly extensible, multi-user system for managing per-user Jupyter Notebook servers, designed for research groups or classes. This lecture covers deploying JupyterHub on a single server, as well as deploying with Docker using GitHub for authentication.
The Virtual Brain is an open-source, multi-scale, multi-modal brain simulation platform. In this lesson, you get introduced to brain simulation in general and to The Virtual brain in particular. Prof. Ritter will present the newest approaches for clinical applications of The Virtual brain - that is, for stroke, epilepsy, brain tumors and Alzheimer’s disease - and show how brain simulation can improve diagnostics, therapy and understanding of neurological disease.
The concept of neural masses, an application of mean field theory, is introduced as a possible surrogate for electrophysiological signals in brain simulation. The mathematics of neural mass models and their integration to a coupled network are explained. Bifurcation analysis is presented as an important technique in the understanding of non-linear systems and as a fundamental method in the design of brain simulations. Finally, the application of the described mathematics is demonstrated in the exploration of brain stimulation regimes.
The simulation of the virtual epileptic patient is presented as an example of advanced brain simulation as a translational approach to deliver improved results in clinics. The fundamentals of epilepsy are explained. On this basis, the concept of epilepsy simulation is developed. By using an iPython notebook, the detailed process of this approach is explained step by step. In the end, you are able to perform simple epilepsy simulations your own.
The practical usage of The Virtual brain in its graphical user interface and via python scripts is introduced. In the graphical user interface, you are guided through its data repository, simulator, phase plane exploration tool, connectivity editor, stimulus generator and the provided analyses. The implemented iPython notebooks of TVB are presented, and since they are public, can be used for further exploration of The Virtual brain.
A brief overview of the Python programming language, with an emphasis on tools relevant to data scientists. This lecture was part of the 2018 Neurohackademy, a 2-week hands-on summer institute in neuroimaging and data science held at the University of Washington eScience Institute.
Colt Steele provides a comprehensive introduction to the command line and 50 popular Linux commands. This is a long course (nearly 5 hours) but well worth it if you are going to spend a good part of your career working from a terminal, which is likely if you are interested in flexibility, power, and reproducibility in neuroscience research.
This lesson is courtesy of freeCodeCamp.
Lecture on functional brain parcellations and a set of tutorials on bootstrap agregation of stable clusters (BASC) for fMRI brain parcellation which were part of the 2019 Neurohackademy, a 2-week hands-on summer institute in neuroimaging and data science held at the University of Washington eScience Institute.
Neuronify is an educational tool meant to create intuition for how neurons and neural networks behave. You can use it to combine neurons with different connections, just like the ones we have in our brain, and explore how changes on single cells lead to behavioral changes in important networks. Neuronify is based on an integrate-and-fire model of neurons. This is one of the simplest models of neurons that exist. It focuses on the spike timing of a neuron and ignores the details of the action potential dynamics. These neurons are modeled as simple RC circuits. When the membrane potential is above a certain threshold, a spike is generated and the voltage is reset to its resting potential. This spike then signals other neurons through its synapses.
Neuronify aims to provide a low entry point to simulation-based neuroscience.
This lecture covers structured data, databases, federating neuroscience-relevant databases, ontologies.
Since their introduction in 2016, the FAIR data principles have gained increasing recognition and adoption in global neuroscience. FAIR defines a set of high-level principles and practices for making digital objects, including data, software, and workflows, Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable. But FAIR is not a specification; it leaves many of the specifics up to individual scientific disciplines to define. INCF has been leading the way in promoting, defining, and implementing FAIR data practices for neuroscience. We have been bringing together researchers, infrastructure providers, industry, and publishers through our programs and networks. In this session, we will hear some perspectives on FAIR neuroscience from some of these stakeholders who have been working to develop and use FAIR tools for neuroscience. We will engage in a discussion on questions such as: how is neuroscience doing with respect to FAIR? What have been the successes? What is currently very difficult? Where does neuroscience need to go?
This lecture covers FAIR atlases, from their background, their construction, and how they can be created in line with the FAIR principles.
As models in neuroscience have become increasingly complex, it has become more difficult to share all aspects of models and model analysis, hindering model accessibility and reproducibility. In this session, we will discuss existing resources for promoting FAIR data and models in computational neuroscience, their impact on the field, and the remaining barriers. This lecture covers how FAIR practices affect personalized data models, including workflows, challenges, and how to improve these practices.