Brief introduction to Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs), persistent and unique identifiers for referencing a research resource.
Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs) are ID numbers assigned to help researchers cite key resources (antibodies, model organisms and software projects) in the biomedical literature to improve transparency of research methods.
The Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS) is a standard prescribing a formal way to name and organize MRI data and metadata in a file system that simplifies communication and collaboration between users and enables easier data validation and software development through using consistent paths and naming for data files.
Neurodata Without Borders (NWB) is a data standard for neurophysiology that provides neuroscientists with a common standard to share, archive, use, and build common analysis tools for neurophysiology data.
The Neuroimaging Data Model (NIDM) is a collection of specification documents that define extensions the W3C PROV standard for the domain of human brain mapping. NIDM uses provenance information as means to link components from different stages of the scientific research process from dataset descriptors and computational workflow, to derived data and publication.
Neuroscience Information Exchange (NIX) Format data model allows storing fully annotated scientific datasets, i.e. the data together with rich metadata and their relations in a consistent, comprehensive format. Its aim is to achieve standardization by providing a common data structure and APIs for a multitude of data types and use cases, focused on but not limited to neuroscience. In contrast to most other approaches, the NIX approach is to achieve this flexibility with a minimum set of data model elements.
Computational models provide a framework for integrating data across spatial scales and for exploring hypotheses about the biological mechanisms underlying neuronal and network dynamics. However, as models increase in complexity, additional barriers emerge to the creation, exchange, and re-use of models. Successful projects have created standards for describing complex models in neuroscience and provide open source tools to address these issues. This lecture provides an overview of these projects and make a case for expanded use of resources in support of reproducibility and validation of models against experimental data.
Introduction to the Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS): a standard for organizing human neuroimaging datasets. This lecture was part of the 2018 Neurohackademy, a 2-week hands-on summer institute in neuroimaging and data science held at the University of Washington eScience Institute.
NWB: An ecosystem for neurophysiology data standardization
NWB: An ecosystem for neurophysiology data standardization
DAQCORD is a framework for the design, documentation and reporting of data curation methods in order to advance the scientific rigour, reproducibility and analysis of the data. This lecture covers the rationale for developing the framework, the process in which the framework was developed, and ends with a presentation of the framework. While the driving use case for DAQCORD was clinical traumatic brain injury research, the framework is applicable to clinical studies in other domains of clinical neuroscience research.
PyNN is a simulator-independent language for building neuronal network models. The PyNN API aims to support modelling at a high-level of abstraction (populations of neurons, layers, columns and the connections between them) while still allowing access to the details of individual neurons and synapses when required. PyNN provides a library of standard neuron, synapse, and synaptic plasticity models which have been verified to work the same on the different supported simulators. PyNN also provides a set of commonly-used connectivity algorithms (e.g. all-to-all, random, distance-dependent, small-world) but makes it easy to provide your own connectivity in a simulator-independent way. This lecture was part of the 7th SpiNNaker Workshop held 3 - 6 October 2017.
This lecture covers an introduction to neuroinformatics and its subfields, the content of the short course and future neuroinformatics applications.
In this presentation by the OHBM OpenScienceSIG, Tom Shaw and Steffen Bollmann cover how containers can be useful for running the same software on different platforms and sharing analysis pipelines with other researchers. They demonstrate how to build docker containers from scratch, using Neurodocker, and cover how to use containers on an HPC with singularity.
This lecture covers structured data, databases, federating neuroscience-relevant databases, ontologies.
Since their introduction in 2016, the FAIR data principles have gained increasing recognition and adoption in global neuroscience. FAIR defines a set of high-level principles and practices for making digital objects, including data, software, and workflows, Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable. But FAIR is not a specification; it leaves many of the specifics up to individual scientific disciplines to define. INCF has been leading the way in promoting, defining, and implementing FAIR data practices for neuroscience. We have been bringing together researchers, infrastructure providers, industry, and publishers through our programs and networks. In this session, we will hear some perspectives on FAIR neuroscience from some of these stakeholders who have been working to develop and use FAIR tools for neuroscience. We will engage in a discussion on questions such as: how is neuroscience doing with respect to FAIR? What have been the successes? What is currently very difficult? Where does neuroscience need to go?
This lecture covers FAIR atlases, from their background, their construction, and how they can be created in line with the FAIR principles.
This lecture will highlight our current understanding and recent developments in the field of neurodegenerative disease research, as well as the future of diagnostics and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.
2nd part of the lecture. This lecture will highlight our current understanding and recent developments in the field of neurodegenerative disease research, as well as the future of diagnostics and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.
This lecture focuses on how the immune system can target and attack the nervous system to produce autoimmune responses that may result in diseases such as multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis and lupus cerebritis manifested by motor, sensory, and cognitive impairments. Despite the fact that the brain is an immune-privileged site, autoreactive lymphocytes producing proinflammatory cytokines can cause active brain inflammation, leading to myelin and axonal loss.
Most psychiatric disorders (most notably dependence syndromes, depression, psychosis, and autism) are characterized by impaired social interaction, with many patients preferring a drug of abuse. This lecture focuses on the latest research on the neural basis of normal and impaired social interaction.